What are human rights?

Human rights are those basic standards, which are important for enabling people to live in safety and dignity.

Human rights protect our lives and our bodies from harm, allowing us to live as free persons, and to carry out different activities – to express ourselves, to learn new information, to meet with friends and like-minded people and so on.

To provide real and practical human rights, states have undertaken to explain and protect them by adopting the necessary laws.

In Bulgaria, human rights in their most basic form have been enshrined in Bulgaria’s Constitution. But there are also other laws, which further explain what each right means, as well as what is allowed and what is prohibited.

example The Constitution provides in Article 43 that all citizens shall have the right to peaceful and unarmed assembly. But the 1990 Meetings and Marches Act establishes the concrete mechanism through which the citizens can exercise their right to peaceful assembly without violating the rights of other citizens who also have rights.

Assess your knowledge

If you wish to use the Guide for learning purposes, the Guide offers you a possibility to assess your knowledge in human rights before or after studying, by completing tests about different themes included in the Guide.

Read more about human rights by exploring the topics below:


Last updated 16/12/2022