Responsibility of the perpetrator
In addition to civil liability for his or her actions, the perpetrator must bear criminal esponsibility. Criminal responsibility implies punishment for the perpetrator. The punishment has a number of objectives – to protect public safety, to restore justice, to punish the perpetrator for the committed criminal offense, to ensure that the perpetrator as well as others refrain from committing criminal or administrative offenses in the future.
Making the perpetrator responsible is also a very crucial part in the rehabilitation process of the victim, since it serves the restoration of justice and may diminish self-blaming by the victim in this way and encourage the victim to exercise her/his rights more effectively.
According to the Bulgarian Criminal Code, perpetrators in domestic violence cases may be responsible for a number of offenses, starting from minor bodily injury and ending with murder.
Making perpetrators responsible for domestic violence also demonstrates the ability of the State to enforce human rights. The failure of the State to conduct appropriate criminal proceedings and convict the perpetrator may result in a violation of human rights.
Articles 2, 3, 6, 8, 14
26 March 2013
22 October 2013
30 October 2012
11 May 2005